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Anticipating Advent

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A Season of Hope: Advent Themes through the Four Gospels


Advent is the period in the Christian year when we think about God coming into the world as a human being in the person of Jesus of Nazareth. The four Gospel (Matthew, Mark, Luke and John) portrayals of Jesus’ origins are told by different writers and introduce us to meaningful challenges for the early church and for us today.


The birth narrative in the Gospel of Matthew is the familiar account of a newborn king and his wise visitors from the East who found their way to after a long journey, by following a star. But this gospel also includes the harrowing story of King Herod’s attempt to kill the infant Jesus – the plot that the wise visitors from the East foil.


Matthew celebrates the coming of Emmanuel, which means “God with us.” When Matthew says that “God is with us” it is to declare that Jesus is the culmination of a long history of God’s salvific actions on behalf of God’s people (Matt. 1:23). As Jesus is beginning his life, he and his parents are fleeing from a wrathful King Herod, whose paranoid and jealous intent is to murder him as a rival king of the Jews (2:1-20).


We usually don’t think of Jesus as a refugee or an exile, but that is what he is in Matthew’s story. Not long after his birth Jesus, Mary and Joseph flee to Egypt to escape King Herod’s men, who are coming to kill all the male infants in Joseph’s hometown of Bethlehem. It is hard to imagine the terror of being a refugee, of fleeing with a newborn child to a strange land where there are no family or friends to support and provide comfort to you.


Jesus’ journey as a refugee provides some insight into how and why he ministers with such compassion and understanding among the masses of worried, hungry people; welcoming outcasts, healing infirmities and challenging those who have plenty to share with those who have little. Jesus, knowing what it is to be a refugee, demonstrates how his followers should respond to those who are journeying, homeless, and outcast from their home and now residing among Christian communities


The genealogy of Jesus at the beginning of the Gospel of Matthew (1:1-16) traces his lineage through the Davidic dynasty – which includes Abraham, King David – to Joseph “the husband of Mary, of whom Jesus was born” (1:16). Joseph is not Jesus’ biological father, he is his adopted father. This adoption establishes Jesus as a part of his family, a part of the Davidic line – Son of David and Messiah (1:1; 20-21). The Gospel of Matthew emphasizes Joseph’s role instead of Mary’s (she has more of the focus in the Gospel of Luke). It was important to Matthew that we see the implications of Joseph’s adoption of Jesus and his role in saving Jesus’ life.


The story of Jesus’ flight into Egypt and his wandering and homeless years of ministry are not pleasant and cozy seasonal tales, they are appropriate to ponder in the weeks of Advent when Christians are invited to reflect on what it means to each of us that God came into the world as a human being. The Gospel of Matthew may challenge Christians to look directly at violence and suffering and to respond by feeding and comforting the poor and welcome the refugee Jesus into our hearts.


Christians are adopted into the family when we are baptized in the name of Jesus the Christ. The family lineage is not ours by birth, we are adopted and become sons and daughters of God. Jesus counted as family many people who were on the margins of traditional society: the prostitutes, tax collectors, and other “sinners” of his time. As we follow Jesus, we are called to minister to the “least of these who are members of my family” (Matt. 25:40).


The hope of Advent is that God comes to dwell with us so that we have the strength to dwell with, encourage, and help others in need.


As you reflect on the focus of Matthew’s narrative of Jesus’ birth consider:


  1. What does Matthew’s take on the birth of Jesus mean to us as Christian’s today?
  2. What is Matthew’s story calling you to? How will you respond to that call as the season of Advent approaches?


Listen to the themes from Matthew’s gospel in this traditional Advent hymn:

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Did You Know???


Baptists were vital in the national value that promotes the freedom of religion?

The freedom to worship when and how one chooses is one of the foundational freedoms that is guaranteed by the constitution, one of the things that makes the American story unique among nations.

 Challenges to mandatory religious practices by the government have been challenged by prominent Baptists since the 1600’s, and many of those “freedom fighters” sacrificed their freedom to promote this right for each of us. 

Like all rights, their protection is a process, not a done deal. The challenges to religious liberty weren’t just hundreds of years ago, they are happening every day. Baptists believe that all people have the freedom to approach God and worship God in the ways they choose, and no government institution can limit the practice of one’s faith.

Sunday nights, Sept 8 thru Oct 27, learn more about what religious liberty looks like in 2019 and how we got to where we are today.

Introduction and first session:

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof.

2nd Session: The beginnings of Religious Freedom

3rd Session: The Wall of Separation between the garden of the church and the wilderness of the world

4th Session: The Rise of Christian Nationalism

5th Session: The Decline of Religious Freedom in America

6th Session: Religious Freedom Restoration Act of 1993

7th Session: Modern times Challenges to Religious Liberty

8th Session: State Religious Freedom Restoration Act’s


Discipleship Group Leader:

Aubrey Ducker – is an Attorney, who has been a Aubrey Duckermember of Church on the Drive since 2000. He came to Orlando in 1986 for US Navy bootcamp. In 1988 he married Laurie, and together they have two children Carolyn and James. Aubrey is a deacon and has been a member of the Constitution Committee for the last three years. He has been active as an advocate for religious liberty through his work with the Baptist Joint Committee and has served as a member of the board for Christian Ethics Daily. He is an avid runner and enjoys traveling.  


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